Task Two: The Endocrine System

the-endocrine-system

Picture Credit

The Endocrine System produce hormones which regulate many things that influence our health. Examples include our sleep, growth, sexual function, and mood. It produces all of these things using 10 main glands. Each gland produces a certain hormone that influences a certain aspect of our bodies. These glands and their functions are as followed:

Gland Hormone Function
Pineal Melatonin, only produced when you sleep at night Tells you the time and season
Anterior Pituitary Growth hormone Causes the cells to grow
Posterior Pituitary ADH(antidiuretic): hormone that holds onto fluids in our body Water balance in body and kidney
Thyroid T3/T4 Regulates metabolism
  Calcitonin Lowers blood calcium
Parathyroid PTH Raises blood calcium
Pancreas Insulin Lowers blood sugar
  Glucagon Raises blood sugar
Adrenal Cortex Glucocorticoids Anti-inflammatory (like Advil)
Adrenal Medulla Epinephrine (adrenaline) Fight of flight
Ovary Estrogen Female sex characteristics
Testes Testosterone Male sex characteristics

Sources used:

LiveScience

KidsHealth

The Endocrine System

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Task One

 

Task One

  1. What are the five senses?
  1. In your own words, describe the three sections of the ear AND how each section works to allow a person to hear. (3 marks)
  2. What does the autonomic nervous system control? (2.5 marks)
  3. What are schemata? (2 marks)
  4. What part of the brain affects sleep, dreaming and respiration? (1 mark)
  5. Describe the difference between the midbrain and the hindbrain. (4 marks)
  6. In your own words, describe the difference between sensation and perception, and give one example that explains your understanding. (4 marks)

 

  1. The five senses are sight, smell, hearing, taste, and touch.
  2. The ear is made up of the outer ear, middle ear and inner ear. The outer ear works by helping you to locate the original place of a sound (collects the sound of outside forces). The middle ears job is to take those sound waves (which are transmitted throughout the outer ear) and produce them into vibrations for the inner ear. The inner ear responds by using the tiny hairs found in it. The vibrations from the middle ear make the hairs move, and create nerve signals. Our brain understands those signals as sound and put everything together so we can understand what the sound is saying.
  3. The autonomic nervous system controls andregulates the functions of our internal organs. Examples include the heart, stomach and intestines.
  4. We develop schemata in our brains, which represent the knowledge we know about ourselves, others and our roles in the social world.
  5. The pons in our brains affects sleep, dreaming and respiration.
  6. The hindbrain is responsible for receiving signals from other parts of the brain and from the spinal cord. The midbrain is responsible for holding many major structures in the brain. It interprets signals and relays the information to a more complex part of the brain or causes the body to act on it.
  7. Sensation deals with physically feeling a sense. It is “the process in which a sensory receptor is stimulated”. This produces nerve impulses that travel to the brain and your body interprets it as a certain sense. Perception is the process of translation and interpretation in the brain. It helps us understand the information we receive from our physical stimuli.

Name and Birth Order Influence on Personality

Name Origin and Meaning

My Name: Kimberly
Name Meaning
  • You are confident, self assured, and capable. You are not easily intimidated.
    You master any and all skills easily. You don’t have to work hard for what you want.
    You make your life out to be exactly how you want it. And you’ll knock down anyone who gets in your way!

My response: I think that I am able to call myself confident and capable. I find that I am fairly self assured, but there are certain moments when I am less confident in myself and may require the assurance of others. I think this is a result of when I am too hard on myself and have expectations that are too high. I tend to be fairly dependant on my dad, close friends, significant other, and a few older people that I look up to and have a great deal of appreciation for. I think that I depend on others because of my self assurance. But there are also moments when I find myself to be very independant. I believe that I am most productive and self motivated when I do things on my own. I don’t think I master all the skills that I pick up, but i’m pretty confident in saying that I always try my hardest at what I do. I believe that I have a very privileged life, and there are many things that I am lucky to have (which are mostly provided by my parents). But again, I work hard for what I have to earn (ie. good grades). Since I like things to be fairly in order, I’d say that I enjoy when things align and life works in my favour. Which motivates me to change things to how I prefer them to be.

  • You are relaxed, chill, and very likely to go with the flow.
    You are light hearted and accepting. You don’t get worked up easily.
    Well adjusted and incredibly happy, many people wonder what your secret to life is.

My response: I almost completely agree with this statement. The only thing that I think isn’t correct is that I “don’t get worked up easily”. I would say that because I am pretty stubborn, I find it easy for certain things to tick me off. This is especially true when it comes to people that are very close to me. Sometimes I just get generally sick of people and I can let that over take my mood. For the most part, I am a fairly happy person, but I have my bad days. Due to recent events in my life, sometimes it is impossible for me to be undeniably carefree and happy.  But I have found that some people are shocked by how well I am holding up. So I think I can say that I usually try to keep my head held high and try to make the best out of certain situations.

  • You are a seeker of knowledge, and you have learned many things in your life.
    You are also a keeper of knowledge – meaning you don’t spill secrets or spread gossip.
    People sometimes think you’re snobby or aloof, but you’re just too deep in thought to pay attention to them.

My response: After taking a look at who I am as a person, I think it is fair to say that enjoy learning and value it as a whole, but I’m not sure that I would go as far to call myself a “seeker of knowledge”. Because I am young, I know that I still have a lot to learn. But I believe that I am one of the most mature students in my class. I have learnt the most in my life in the past five months due to the passing of my mom. This situation caused a major change in my priorities and overall, how I view myself and my life. I believe that I tend to keep most things to myself, and only allow myself to share in depth details of my life/self to the people who are closest to me. I am not sure of what others think of me, and that doesn’t bother me at all. If people perceive me in a certain way, there is nothing that I can do about that. I think this is one of the reasons that I like to keep my nose out of other peoples business. I don’t let other people bother me, and when I do, I find a way to overcome and deal with that issue.

*all meanings were retrieved from https://www.blogthings.com/whatsyournameshiddenmeaningquiz/results/?result=Kimberly

Birth Order Influence on Personality

What is the Birth Order Effect?

Birth order is the order in which you and your siblings (if you have any) are born in. The birth order effect is how your birth order effects your personality and characteristics.

What stereotypes does it ensue?

With birth order, there are many stereotypes. Commonly, we hear that the youngest child is the baby. Stereotypes that follow this concept are that the baby is they are a free spirit, like to take risks and tend to charm people around them. People also may accommodate the baby with being the “spoiled one”. The middle child may be referred to as a social butterfly, peace maker, and obsessed with fairness. We often hear the middle child being called the “forgotten one”, because most parents are more focused on the oldest or youngest of their children. The child that is first born is commonly known to be a natural leader, ambitious, and responsible. Lastly we have the only child. Only children are thought of to be spoiled, selfish and mature. Only children spend a lot of there time with adults, so they tend to be more mature then kids their age.

Many of these stereotypes are exhibited in the tv sitcom Malcolm in the Middle. Where the oldest child achieves many things, Malcolm (who is the middle child) is often forgotten about and the youngest child always gets his way.

Where do I fall in my family’s birth order?

I am the baby. I have two older brothers and one older sister.

Has being the baby influenced my personality?

I think that being the youngest in my family has had a fair influence on me. According to the Huffington Post, the baby of the family has a life of the party: “your parents are already confident in their role as caregiver, and therefore are more lenient and don’t necessarily pay attention to your every move or milestone as they did with your older siblings … As the youngest child, you have more freedom than the other siblings and, in a sense, are more independent. As the youngest child, you also have a lot in common with your oldest sibling, as both of you have been made to feel special and entitled”. I believe that this quote is almost spot on. Even as a child I frequently realized how my parents didn’t pay attention to my every move as they did with my older siblings. I also noticed how I have a lot of independence/freedom. My parents always kind of relied on myself to take care of myself because I learnt those skills from my siblings as they got older.

Can I relate to the baby stereotypes?

As a baby (and a girl), I can relate to some of the stereotypes that go along with the role. I had less responsibilities when all of my family lived together (siblings and mom), but now that I only live with my dad and one brother, I have more responsibilities since there are less people to do them. I am also pretty spoiled, but I don’t take advantage of it. I enjoy being proud of myself, so I work hard to earn the things that I want.

See what other people have to say on this phenomenon!

The birth order effect

How Birth Order Affects Your Personality

Birth Order

The Six Grand Theories of Psychology

Assignment from Feb. 12.

Learn all about Psychology on my cool teachers blog! 

PHYCHOANALYSIS

a. Sigmund Freud (1856-1939)

Id Ego and SuperegoSigmund Freud was a physiologist, medical doctor, psychologist and influential thinker of the early twentieth century. He said that the mind is a complex energy-system and must be analyzed with psychology. Sigmund Freud’s theory is that humans are heavily influenced by unconscious acts which determines ones behaviour and personality. His theory is based off of the Id, the Ego, and the Superego. Freud refers to the Ego as reality and the persons life. He refers to the Id as a persons natural instincts which may be things that you do to pleasure yourself. The Superego is responsible for ensuring moral standards are followed. The Superego may be referred to as the angel on your shoulder and the Id can represent the devil on your shoulder. Overall, Freud believes that a person must balance their Id and Superego by using their Ego. The Ego must create a balance between the thoughts of you Id and Superego. Once this is achieved, it is possible for a person to demonstrate a balanced life.

b. Erik Erikson (1902-1994)

EThe-Eight-Stages-of-Human-Development-NurseWithMe.com_rik Erikson was a ego psychologist. Erikson primarily analyzed people’s behaviors and the stages they went through though out their life. He started this phenomenon by wandering Europe and documenting his experiences. By 1933 he had moved to USA and became one of the first children analyzers. He continued to publish books about his theory and education that he has. Erikson’s theory is that every person, from birth to death, goes through eight stages. He proposes that each stage has a battle between two different concepts. The stages get increasingly more complex as you get older (the stages are described on the photo below). In each stage, the person goes through a struggle. Each stage has a different stage and battle. Once the stage is overcome, a person will move on from it and continue onto the next. Erikson emphasizes the role of culture/society and the conflicts that take place in a persons Ego.

 

BEHAVIORISM

a. John B. Watson (1878–1958) and B.F. Skinner (1904–1990)

John B. Watson and B.F. Skinner were both psychologists that studied the mind, brain, and why/how we do certain things the way we do. Together, Watson and Skinner developed a psychology theory that is known as classical and operant conditioning. Their theory’s proposed that all behaviors are learned from a reaction to an external stimulant. Behaviorism refers to behaviors that can be measured, trained, and changed. Simply put, any individual regardless of there background, can be trained to act in a certain manner given the right conditioning.

b. Albert Bandura (1925)

quote-in-order-to-succeed-people-need-a-sense-of-self-efficacy-to-struggle-together-with-resilience-albert-bandura-1-74-00.jpgAlbert Bandura is a influential social cognitive psychologist. He has lead many studies that involve observational learning and modeling. He believes that when a person models a good behavior and they are rewarded for their good deed, they will continue to do that good action. This theory has four steps; attention, retention, reproduction and motivation. Once a person pays attention to the model behavior, they will be aware of it. Then they must recall the action in order to produce it in the future. As soon as they understand it, they will reproduce that same action and will continue to reproduce it as long as they are motivated by something (ie. they might earn a reward for their good deed).

COGNITIVISM

a. Jean Piaget (1896-1980)

Jean Piaget is responsible for the creation of the cognitive development theory. He was the first psychologist to make a study based on the cognitive development. Piaget was intrigued by the reasons children gave wrong answers to questions that required logical thinking. This inspired him to understand the difference between adults and children, and how their brains are different. This understanding led Piaget to think of his cognitive development theory. He said that every person will go through a series of stages of cognitive development. Though out each stage, the quality of information, knowledge, and understanding will increase.intellectual-growth

b. Lev Vygotsky (1896-1934)

Lev.jpgLev Vygotsky developed the Social Development Theory. The Social Development Theory is about how social learning tends to come before development. This means that when children are exposed to their surroundings, they are most likely to adapt and learn from that atmosphere. The full development of a child is impossible without incorporating culture and the social environment that the child is regularly being exposed to. Lev Vygotsky discribes his theory by exclaiming that: “learning is a necessary and universal aspect of the process of developing culturally organized, specifically human psychological function” (1978).

ECOLOGICAL THEORY

a. Urie Bronfenbrenner (1917-2005)ecological-systems-theory.png

Urie Bronfenbrenner developed the Ecological System theory model. The model states that human development is influenced by the different types of environmental systems that are in their life. The most influential being yourself. Then each section around you contains things that also influence you. The closer the circle is to you, the more influence it has on your life. These systems include the micro system, the mesosystem, the exosystem, the macro system, and the chronosystem. Bronfenbrenner’s theory helps us comprehend why we may act differently when we compare our behavior in the presence of our family to when we are at school or work.

Take a look at my Ecological Theory System!

 

HUMANISM

a. Carl Rogers (1902–1987)

Rogers-model.jpgCarl Rogers was a humanistic psychologist. He suggested that all people have a need for being loved and respected. His theory discribes how people need an environment that provides them with openness, self-disclosure, acceptance , and empathy. Rogers suggests that “we want to feel, experience and behave in ways which are consistent with our self-image and which reflect what we would like to be like, our ideal-self.  The closer our self-image and ideal-self are to each other, the more consistent or congruent we are and the higher our sense of self-worth” (Rogers, 1959). His self-concept idea has three main components; self worth, self-image, and ideal self.

b. Abraham Maslow (1908-1970)

hierarchy of needsAbraham Maslow came up with the hierarchy of needs theory. This concept believes that people possess a set of motivation systems unrelated to desires or rewards. This theory is modelled in a triangle shape. At the bottom of the triangle are the most basic things that you absolutely need in your life. Maslow says that in order to be on top of the triangle, first, you must achieve and earn the things that are on the bottom (start from the bottom and build your self up to the top). The theory includes five levels: Physiological (air, food, drink, shelter, warmth, sex, sleep), Safety (protection, security, order, law, stability), Love and belongingness (friendship, intimacy, affection), Esteem (achievement, mastery, independence, status) and Self-Actualization (realizing personal potential, self-fulfillment, seeking personal growth).

EVOLUTIONARY

a.Konrad Lorenz (1903-1989)

KonradAs a child Konrad Lorenz was highly interested in animal behaviour. As an adult Lorenz studied paleontology, medicine and zoology in university. He later developed a theory that is similar to the theory of evolution. The Evolutionary Theory stresses that behaviour is strongly influenced by biology, is tied to evolution, and is characterized by critical or sensitive periods (Santrock, 1999). Lorenz found out that new born species will attach to the first moving object they see after their birth. This concept can be related to the attachment theory. The attachment theory exclaims that kids come into the world biologically pre-programmed to form attachments with others, because this will help them to survive. Babies will do certain things to get the attention of an adult (ie. cry if they are hungry). The determinant of attachment is not food, but care and responsiveness. Lorenz’s work led developmentalists to understand the ways human behaviour might reflect inborn genetic patterns. 

 

Resources used:

https://docs.google.com/document/d/1yXVjHd0U8_gWIsTzTUdZUtqQEiW41INhjcHTDXaJ-wg/edit

http://www.simplypsychology.org/Sigmund-Freud.html

http://www.simplypsychology.org/Erik-Erikson.html

http://muskingum.edu/~psych/psycweb/history/bandura.htm

http://psychology.about.com/od/behavioralpsychology/f/behaviorism.htm

http://www.simplypsychology.org/vygotsky.html

https://explorable.com/ecological-systems-theory

http://www.simplypsychology.org/carl-rogers.html

http://www.simplypsychology.org/maslow.html

http://www.simplypsychology.org/attachment.html

 

 

Who is Todd Beamer?

Assignment from Feb. 3 – Who is Todd Beamer?

beamerThroughout history, there have been many hero’s in various situations. Hero’s may emerge due to an unfortunate event. For example, during 9/11, many people had to step out of their comfort zone to help them selfs and others. One man in particular made it his personal mission to help others during an attack. This man was Todd Beamer. Todd was a passenger aboard the United Airlines Flight 93, one of the planes that was highjacked during 9/11. This particular plane was hijacked and the plan was for the plane to crash into a popular place, therefor killing the people on the plane as well as lots of people in that popular location. Todd Beamer recognized that his plane was going to crash, and he wanted to do something to prevent this from happening. Todd called a customer-service representative and told her the deal in attempts to stop the plane from crashing. His acts are heroic because he put himself in danger in order to save other people. I think that Todd is a hero because he wanted to make a difference even if that meant he put himself in a unsafe situation. Todd Beamer was motivated to try to safe the plane because he didn’t want his pregnant wife to be worried. He also did it to help other people and to make sure as many people as possible got out of that highjack. I believe the meaning of this story is to make sure you always help others, and in return it will do good for you. Although Todd didn’t come out of the plane alive, he is now recognized as a hero and continues to inspire people today. The actions of the hijackers were to gain power over the people on the plane and to kill many people in hopes to make a point. They wanted to scare the America citizens on the planes involved in each highjack and all the buildings that they targeted. The united airlinesdifference between the hijackers and Todd Beamers actions were that Todd was motivated to make a positive difference, while the hijackers wanted to make a negative influence. Todd was trying to keep people safe and the hijackers wanted to put people in danger.