Task Two: The Endocrine System

the-endocrine-system

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The Endocrine System produce hormones which regulate many things that influence our health. Examples include our sleep, growth, sexual function, and mood. It produces all of these things using 10 main glands. Each gland produces a certain hormone that influences a certain aspect of our bodies. These glands and their functions are as followed:

Gland Hormone Function
Pineal Melatonin, only produced when you sleep at night Tells you the time and season
Anterior Pituitary Growth hormone Causes the cells to grow
Posterior Pituitary ADH(antidiuretic): hormone that holds onto fluids in our body Water balance in body and kidney
Thyroid T3/T4 Regulates metabolism
  Calcitonin Lowers blood calcium
Parathyroid PTH Raises blood calcium
Pancreas Insulin Lowers blood sugar
  Glucagon Raises blood sugar
Adrenal Cortex Glucocorticoids Anti-inflammatory (like Advil)
Adrenal Medulla Epinephrine (adrenaline) Fight of flight
Ovary Estrogen Female sex characteristics
Testes Testosterone Male sex characteristics

Sources used:

LiveScience

KidsHealth

The Endocrine System

Task One

 

Task One

  1. What are the five senses?
  1. In your own words, describe the three sections of the ear AND how each section works to allow a person to hear. (3 marks)
  2. What does the autonomic nervous system control? (2.5 marks)
  3. What are schemata? (2 marks)
  4. What part of the brain affects sleep, dreaming and respiration? (1 mark)
  5. Describe the difference between the midbrain and the hindbrain. (4 marks)
  6. In your own words, describe the difference between sensation and perception, and give one example that explains your understanding. (4 marks)

 

  1. The five senses are sight, smell, hearing, taste, and touch.
  2. The ear is made up of the outer ear, middle ear and inner ear. The outer ear works by helping you to locate the original place of a sound (collects the sound of outside forces). The middle ears job is to take those sound waves (which are transmitted throughout the outer ear) and produce them into vibrations for the inner ear. The inner ear responds by using the tiny hairs found in it. The vibrations from the middle ear make the hairs move, and create nerve signals. Our brain understands those signals as sound and put everything together so we can understand what the sound is saying.
  3. The autonomic nervous system controls andregulates the functions of our internal organs. Examples include the heart, stomach and intestines.
  4. We develop schemata in our brains, which represent the knowledge we know about ourselves, others and our roles in the social world.
  5. The pons in our brains affects sleep, dreaming and respiration.
  6. The hindbrain is responsible for receiving signals from other parts of the brain and from the spinal cord. The midbrain is responsible for holding many major structures in the brain. It interprets signals and relays the information to a more complex part of the brain or causes the body to act on it.
  7. Sensation deals with physically feeling a sense. It is “the process in which a sensory receptor is stimulated”. This produces nerve impulses that travel to the brain and your body interprets it as a certain sense. Perception is the process of translation and interpretation in the brain. It helps us understand the information we receive from our physical stimuli.

Name and Birth Order Influence on Personality

Name Origin and Meaning

My Name: Kimberly
Name Meaning
  • You are confident, self assured, and capable. You are not easily intimidated.
    You master any and all skills easily. You don’t have to work hard for what you want.
    You make your life out to be exactly how you want it. And you’ll knock down anyone who gets in your way!

My response: I think that I am able to call myself confident and capable. I find that I am fairly self assured, but there are certain moments when I am less confident in myself and may require the assurance of others. I think this is a result of when I am too hard on myself and have expectations that are too high. I tend to be fairly dependant on my dad, close friends, significant other, and a few older people that I look up to and have a great deal of appreciation for. I think that I depend on others because of my self assurance. But there are also moments when I find myself to be very independant. I believe that I am most productive and self motivated when I do things on my own. I don’t think I master all the skills that I pick up, but i’m pretty confident in saying that I always try my hardest at what I do. I believe that I have a very privileged life, and there are many things that I am lucky to have (which are mostly provided by my parents). But again, I work hard for what I have to earn (ie. good grades). Since I like things to be fairly in order, I’d say that I enjoy when things align and life works in my favour. Which motivates me to change things to how I prefer them to be.

  • You are relaxed, chill, and very likely to go with the flow.
    You are light hearted and accepting. You don’t get worked up easily.
    Well adjusted and incredibly happy, many people wonder what your secret to life is.

My response: I almost completely agree with this statement. The only thing that I think isn’t correct is that I “don’t get worked up easily”. I would say that because I am pretty stubborn, I find it easy for certain things to tick me off. This is especially true when it comes to people that are very close to me. Sometimes I just get generally sick of people and I can let that over take my mood. For the most part, I am a fairly happy person, but I have my bad days. Due to recent events in my life, sometimes it is impossible for me to be undeniably carefree and happy.  But I have found that some people are shocked by how well I am holding up. So I think I can say that I usually try to keep my head held high and try to make the best out of certain situations.

  • You are a seeker of knowledge, and you have learned many things in your life.
    You are also a keeper of knowledge – meaning you don’t spill secrets or spread gossip.
    People sometimes think you’re snobby or aloof, but you’re just too deep in thought to pay attention to them.

My response: After taking a look at who I am as a person, I think it is fair to say that enjoy learning and value it as a whole, but I’m not sure that I would go as far to call myself a “seeker of knowledge”. Because I am young, I know that I still have a lot to learn. But I believe that I am one of the most mature students in my class. I have learnt the most in my life in the past five months due to the passing of my mom. This situation caused a major change in my priorities and overall, how I view myself and my life. I believe that I tend to keep most things to myself, and only allow myself to share in depth details of my life/self to the people who are closest to me. I am not sure of what others think of me, and that doesn’t bother me at all. If people perceive me in a certain way, there is nothing that I can do about that. I think this is one of the reasons that I like to keep my nose out of other peoples business. I don’t let other people bother me, and when I do, I find a way to overcome and deal with that issue.

*all meanings were retrieved from https://www.blogthings.com/whatsyournameshiddenmeaningquiz/results/?result=Kimberly

Birth Order Influence on Personality

What is the Birth Order Effect?

Birth order is the order in which you and your siblings (if you have any) are born in. The birth order effect is how your birth order effects your personality and characteristics.

What stereotypes does it ensue?

With birth order, there are many stereotypes. Commonly, we hear that the youngest child is the baby. Stereotypes that follow this concept are that the baby is they are a free spirit, like to take risks and tend to charm people around them. People also may accommodate the baby with being the “spoiled one”. The middle child may be referred to as a social butterfly, peace maker, and obsessed with fairness. We often hear the middle child being called the “forgotten one”, because most parents are more focused on the oldest or youngest of their children. The child that is first born is commonly known to be a natural leader, ambitious, and responsible. Lastly we have the only child. Only children are thought of to be spoiled, selfish and mature. Only children spend a lot of there time with adults, so they tend to be more mature then kids their age.

Many of these stereotypes are exhibited in the tv sitcom Malcolm in the Middle. Where the oldest child achieves many things, Malcolm (who is the middle child) is often forgotten about and the youngest child always gets his way.

Where do I fall in my family’s birth order?

I am the baby. I have two older brothers and one older sister.

Has being the baby influenced my personality?

I think that being the youngest in my family has had a fair influence on me. According to the Huffington Post, the baby of the family has a life of the party: “your parents are already confident in their role as caregiver, and therefore are more lenient and don’t necessarily pay attention to your every move or milestone as they did with your older siblings … As the youngest child, you have more freedom than the other siblings and, in a sense, are more independent. As the youngest child, you also have a lot in common with your oldest sibling, as both of you have been made to feel special and entitled”. I believe that this quote is almost spot on. Even as a child I frequently realized how my parents didn’t pay attention to my every move as they did with my older siblings. I also noticed how I have a lot of independence/freedom. My parents always kind of relied on myself to take care of myself because I learnt those skills from my siblings as they got older.

Can I relate to the baby stereotypes?

As a baby (and a girl), I can relate to some of the stereotypes that go along with the role. I had less responsibilities when all of my family lived together (siblings and mom), but now that I only live with my dad and one brother, I have more responsibilities since there are less people to do them. I am also pretty spoiled, but I don’t take advantage of it. I enjoy being proud of myself, so I work hard to earn the things that I want.

See what other people have to say on this phenomenon!

The birth order effect

How Birth Order Affects Your Personality

Birth Order